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Additional information about Mobile, Alabama
Mobile ( moh-BEEL, French: [mɔbil] (listen)) is the county chair of Mobile County, Alabama, United States. The population within the city limits was 195,111 as of the 2010 United States Census, making it the third most populous city in Alabama, the most populous in Mobile County, and the largest municipality on the Gulf Coast amongst New Orleans, Louisiana, and St. Petersburg, Florida.
Alabama’s unaided saltwater port, Mobile is located upon the Mobile River at the head of the Mobile Bay and the north-central Gulf Coast. The Port of Mobile has always played a key role in the economic health of the city, beginning subsequent to the treaty as an important trading middle between the French colonists and Native Americans, down to its current role as the 12th-largest port in the United States.
Mobile is the principal municipality of the Mobile metropolitan area. This region of 412,992 residents is composed solely of Mobile County; it is the third-largest metropolitan statistical Place in the state. Mobile is the largest city in the Mobile-Daphne−Fairhope CSA, with a sum population of 604,726, the second largest in the state. As of 2011, the population within a 60-mile (100 km) radius of Mobile is 1,262,907.
Mobile was founded in 1702 by the French as the first capital of Louisiana. During its first 100 years, Mobile was a colony of France, then Britain, and lastly Spain. Mobile became a ration of the United States in 1813, with the annexation by President James Madison of West Florida from Spain. The city surrendered to Federal forces upon April 12, 1865, after Union victories at two forts protecting the city. This, along as soon as the news of Johnston’s surrender negotiations gone Sherman, led Taylor to purpose a meeting similar to his Union counterpart, Maj. Gen. Edward R. S. Canby. The two generals met several miles north of Mobile on May 2. After agreeing to a 48-hour truce, the generals enjoyed an al fresco luncheon of food, drink, and operating music. Canby offered Taylor the thesame terms agreed on between Lee and Grant. Taylor fashionable the terms and surrendered his command upon May 4 at Citronelle, Alabama.
Considered one of the Gulf Coast’s cultural centers, Mobile has several art museums, a symphony orchestra, professional opera, professional ballet company, and a large interest of historic architecture. Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival or Mardi Gras celebrations in the United States. Its French Catholic colonial settlers applauded this festival from the first decade of the 18th century. Beginning in 1830, Mobile was host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society to celebrate considering a parade in the United States. (In New Orleans, such a charity is called a krewe.)